Infertility in both male and female has been becoming a common problem due to the lifestyle we have adopted. According to the WHO, one per four couple is facing the problem of infertility in the whole world. If you have been trying to bear child for about a year and couldn't, then admit it, that you are infertile. Infertility is inability to bear young ones naturally. Infertility comes with the price of mental and physical trauma in your life. Sometime can leads to divorce. Now let's look at some of the infertility treatment in Nepal that can save your marriage.
Thanks to research in fertility health, there are many treatments available for infertility according to the age, sex, health condition, and price. Different infertility treatments in Nepal are Natural IVF, Mini IVF, Sperm Washing, Fertility preservation, IUI, ICSI, TESA and surrogacy. Surrogacy has been declared illegal in Nepal though. If you want less medication than you go with Natural IVF, Mini-IVF but the success rate is quite low than conventional IVF. If you want more success rate and you have cervical problem you may want to go with IUI, ICSI and IMSI according to the need. If your infertility is due to genetic reason you may want to go for PGD or PGS. If the couple is suffering from STD then process such as sperm washing can be used to avoid it passing to the offspring.
Some reasons for Infertility:
There is a rare chance that the infertility is due to genetic factor. Due to inherited chromosome abnormality to either couple may result in infertility. The chances of inherited genetic cause of infertility is less than 5 percent in couples. There are many kind of chromosome abnormalities such as deletion, inversion,
mutation, aneuploidy and translocation. A large percentage of human male infertility is assumed to be caused by mutation in genes. The mutation is generally due to the toxic environment we live in, the way of life we adopt and other disorder such as germ-cell aplasia.
The infertility in women may be due to the cervical problem, structure of fallopian tube, uterus or in the process of releasing egg or due to inability of ovulation. Yet age is one of the crucial factor. As the age increases, the probability of giving birth to a child decreases in women. Damaged or blocked fallopian tubes may also result in infertility by blocking the passage of fertilized egg into uterus. Sexually transimtted disease also can damage the fallopian tube causing infertility in women. So, sexually transimtted disease such as chlamydia and gonorrhea are dangerous and risky for health as well as for motherhood. Over-weight, unhealthy habit such as smoking and alcoholism is also one of the contributing factor for infertility.
The infertility in man may be due to lower sperm quality and quantity, ejaculation dysfunction, structure and function of testis. The quality and quantity of the sperm may be affected due to by the life style we adopt. There are cases where many male are infertile due to the contact of radioactive substances, medicine and chemical at work. Infertility is account to be 40-50% due to male infertility.
Accident or Physical Damage:
There are chances that the infertility may be due to the accident or physical damage in the body part. There is a rear case of congenital amputation specially sexual body part which may affect on the birth of their offspring. There is a very little chances that the children may be born without vas deferen or fallopian tube, which may result in infertility in couple.
Unknown or Unexplained Reasons:
Infertility may be due to some unknown or untraceable reason. Cause of infertility may be present but may not be detected by current technology and method. One reason for it may be epigenetic modifications in sperm.
How to Avoid infertility?
Avoid Alcohol, Caffeine and smoking:
Alcohol and smoking not only deterioates the health but it can also affect the child bearing capacity, resulting infertility in both man and female. Evidence has revealed that coffee, tea, soft drinks, alcohool and smoking may prolong the time to delivery and affect the health of the developing foetus. Caffeine may affect ovulation and corpus luteum functioning altering the hormone level. High level of maternal alcohol consumption are dangerous to the unborn child. It also causes infertility in male affecting sperm quanlity. Smokers are likely to be infertile and takes loger to conceive. It also increases the risk of low birth weight and birth defects. So avoiding alcohol, caffeine and smoking during the maternal period is suggested.
Stress and fertility doesn't go together. The relation between fertility and stress remains mystery, but hormones such as cortisol or epinephrine remains heigh during the time of stress. Reduced in stress help enhance the protein within the uterine lining that are involved in implantation. Stress affect the blood flow level to uterus which ultimately affect conception. So, it is best to remain stress free prior and during the period of pregnancy.
Avoid Multiple Unsafe Sex:
Multiple sex is not the reason that affect infertility but the sexual disease that may get transmitted to you through unsafe sex. Sexually transmitting disease such as chlamydia and gonorrhea may prevent infertility. Chlamydia causes fallopian tube infection silently, causing permanent damage to fallopian tube, leading to infertility. So, it is always best to avoid multiple unsafe sex.
Maintain a normal weight:
Normal weight is essential for successful pregnancy and post pregnancy condition. Obesity or underweight can affect fertility by causing hormonal imbalance and ovulation problem. Women underweight can die on the process of birth or can give birth to week baby, causing miscarriage.